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Frequently Asked Questions in the Orthopedic Sphere

The full form of ACL is “Anterior Cruciate Ligament”. The ACL is one of the four crucial ligaments that stabilize the knee. An ACL reconstruction is a surgical procedure that repairs a torn Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). This ligament is in most cases reconstructed through an arthroscopic procedure using a tendon.

This tendon acts as the graft and it can be extracted from different locations, but is usually taken from the patient’s own patella, cadaver, quadriceps, or hamstrings.

ACL issues are normally experienced by professional athletes and it is one of the commonest procedure performed among them. Modern ACL reconstruction procedures enable a patient to return to activities within a few days.

An Arthroscopy is also termed as a keyhole, a minimally invasive procedure commonly performed on a joint. An Arthroscopy utilizes specialized instruments, and an endoscope to diagnose, visualize, and treat joint issues.

During the procedure, one or more tiny incisions are made through which the surgeon inserts an arthroscope into the joint. This arthroscope basically consists of a fiber optic light source and a camera that enables the surgeon to view the inner parts of the joint on a screen. Through this, the surgeon can determine any underlying joint problem and correct it.

Arthritis is primarily described as joint inflammation that causes joint pain and stiffness. Unlike using arthritis as a general term for all kinds of joint pain, there are various types of arthritis that include;

  • Inflammatory arthritis that includes Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Infectious Arthritis
  • Degenerative Arthritis that includes Osteoarthritis
  • Metabolic Arthritis
  • Connective tissue Disease (CTD)
  • Back Pain
  • Soft Tissue Musculoskeletal pain

Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis are the leading forms of arthritis diagnosed in millions of people, but there are more than 100 types of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis damages the lining surrounding of the joints while Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition that damages the cartilage.

Arthritis is primarily described as joint inflammation that causes joint pain and stiffness. Unlike using arthritis as a general term for all kinds of joint pain, there are various types of arthritis that include;

  • Inflammatory arthritis that includes Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Infectious Arthritis
  • Degenerative Arthritis that includes Osteoarthritis
  • Metabolic Arthritis
  • Connective tissue Disease (CTD)
  • Back Pain
  • Soft Tissue Musculoskeletal pain

Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis are the leading forms of arthritis diagnosed in millions of people, but there are more than 100 types of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis damages the lining surrounding of the joints while Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition that damages the cartilage.

Arthritis symptoms vary depending on the cause and type. Arthritic pain can come and go, but may become chronic in case no treatment is taken. The commonest symptoms of arthritis include;

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Inflexibility
  • Burning
  • Sleep difficulty
  • Chest pain

Other forms of arthritis can cause fever, fatigue, and irritability, and some studies indicate that some arthritis types can affect different joints.

Arthritis can affect one’s ability to perform daily activities and factors that lead to the development of arthritis include;

  • Infections
  • Abnormal metabolism
  • Genetics
  • A poor immune system

Arthritis symptoms vary depending on the cause and type. Arthritic pain can come and go, but may become chronic in case no treatment is taken. The commonest symptoms of arthritis include;

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Inflexibility
  • Burning
  • Sleep difficulty
  • Chest pain

Other forms of arthritis can cause fever, fatigue, and irritability, and some studies indicate that some arthritis types can affect different joints.

Arthritis can affect one’s ability to perform daily activities and factors that lead to the development of arthritis include;

  • Infections
  • Abnormal metabolism
  • Genetics
  • A poor immune system
  • Cartilage – It is a connective soft tissue and a gel-like coating on the ends of the bones. It allows flexibility in movement and also protects the joint
  • A Ligament – It is an elastic band of tissue that connects one bone to another bone and also provides stability to the joint
  • Bursitis – it is an inflammation or irritation of a bursa, which a fluid-filled sac located around the joint.
  • Tendonitis – This is an inflammation of a tendon commonly caused by over-use, chronic strain, or injury. These result in weakness, swelling, and tear hence leading to pain and stiffness near the tendon.
  • Cartilage – It is a connective soft tissue and a gel-like coating on the ends of the bones. It allows flexibility in movement and also protects the joint
  • A Ligament – It is an elastic band of tissue that connects one bone to another bone and also provides stability to the joint
  • Bursitis – it is an inflammation or irritation of a bursa, which a fluid-filled sac located around the joint.
  • Tendonitis – This is an inflammation of a tendon commonly caused by over-use, chronic strain, or injury. These result in weakness, swelling, and tear hence leading to pain and stiffness near the tendon.

A knee replacement is a surgical procedure through which a surgeon replaces the diseased knee joint with an artificial implant to relieve pain, stiffness and improve joint function. These implants inserted into your joint are termed as Prosthesis, that are customized and professionally inserted into your joint.

Osteoarthritis is the commonest form of arthritis that leads to a knee replacement surgery and the surgery is basically performed in case of severe destruction of the knee joint.

Apart from a knee replacement surgery, other forms of orthopedic surgeries include

  • Joint replacement surgeries
  • Elbow replacement surgeries
  • Hip replacement surgeries
  • Shoulder joint replacement