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Shoulder Problems: Evaluation & Surgical Intervention

The shoulder is another vital joint of the body and probably the most flexible of them all. The shoulder generally allows an individual to rotate the arm in all directions, but this also has a negative impact on the shoulder.

Shoulder Joint Problems You Must Know

Your shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint and it consists of three bones-clavicle, humerus, and scapula. The labrum, which is a soft-tissue rim surrounds the socket of the glenoid. The shoulder joint also comprises of several parts such as the bursa and the capsule. Here are the shoulder joint problems you must know;

Rotator Cuff Tears

Rotator cuff tears fall into two categories- Impingement and Partial rotator cuff tears and Full-Thickness rotator cuff tears. Chronic inflammation, the development of spurs and heavy lifting, or falls can cause these types of tears respectively.

Bursitis or Tendinitis

Repetitive activities such as swimming, weight lifting can trigger bursitis. It is generally overuse that can cause shoulder pain.

Fractures

There are various forms of fractures that a shoulder can sustain due to injuries or accidents.

Shoulder Instability 

Instability problems occur when the upper arm bone is pushed out of the shoulder socket. Injuries and overuse of the shoulder joint can lead to instability.

Arthritis

Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis are common forms of arthritis that affect the shoulder joint. Degeneration and chronic inflammation can trigger both conditions respectively.

An Orthopaedic Evaluation

A physical examination, your medical history, X-rays, and blood tests will help the orthopaedic doctor diagnose the underlying shoulder joint problem.

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Surgical Intervention

Extended shoulder problems can surgically be corrected through Arthroscopy or open surgical approach. The approach of your shoulder surgery in India will generally depend on the diagnosed problem.

Your rehabilitation and recovery will also depend on the type of surgical approach utilized.