What is Spinal Fusion Surgery?
Spinal surgery includes the 2 or more vertebrae fusion. People think the spine works in a collective unit. Actually, there are 24 moveable joints. In normal situations, we do not notice what actually is making the whole function to be done correctly.
Who needs to get spinal fusion surgery?
Some of the following situations are mentioned in which fusion surgery can prove beneficial:
- Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal canal is narrowed down which gives support to the spinal cord. If the spinal cord gets compressed then spinal fusion can help to reverse the symptoms. Patients with healthy spines need less intense methods. However, if the condition is severe then fusion surgery is needed.
- Degenerative disc disease
DDD occurs when the disc which protects the spine faces regular wear and tear. If the disc is damaged then you need to undergo spinal fusion so your spine gets the right support.
- Scoliosis (Spinal Deformity)
Spinal deformity is corrected with spinal fusion surgery. The fusion and mechanical hardware will help the spine curvature to be in the right place. To get relief from pain, this can prove beneficial.
Spondylolisthesis occurs when the vertebrae are not present in the correct position. Well, it can happen due to different reasons but mostly it occurs due to bone defect or trauma to the spine back. If the surgery is suggested, then spinal fusion is preferred to you.
What are the Types of Spinal Fusion?
The 4 basic types of spinal fusion are mentioned-below:
With this type, the spine is checked from the front of it is known as the anterior side. The surgeon is going to follow the frontal approach by entering the body from the belly area.
With this type, the surgeon checks the spine by psoas muscle and it is done on the front.
With this type, the surgeon enters the spine from the posterior side (it is for P in PLIF) or from the back.
It is kind of similar to PLIF. The single facet is removed and the doctor checks the spine from the backside. With this approach, there is no need for multiple incisions on the surgical site.
- 360 fusion
With 360 fusion the spine will get the maximum stability. The patient with spinal deformity can be benefited so that the spine gets back in its place.
How advanced spinal fusion surgery is beneficial?
- Smaller incisions
- Shorter hospital stays
- Faster recovery times
- Less bleeding, scarring, and muscle destruction
- Real-time visualization of spine tissues
- Smaller surgical instruments
- The use of retractors to reduce the chances of complications
- Fewer complications or need for revision
For neck or pain relief, you should get in touch with our spine doctor and get the best treatment plan to improve your condition and live a better life.