Various Spine Conditions Explained
Back pain is experienced by several people across the world. If you are one of them, then you need to understand why this happens and how to get rid of it. You must read this article to learn about types of back pain and spine conditions.
Several people are suffering from chronic back pain that lasts six months or more in the spine. Pain can range from mild, persistent pain to abrupt, intense pain, due to which you are unable to perform day-to-day activities simply.
Chronic back pain is caused by a number of causes
- Disc degeneration at one or multiple levels
- Spinal stenosis
- Herniated disc at one or multiple levels
- Deconditioning of the supporting muscles of the spine
- Injuries and fractures due to accidents and falls
You can get rid of these conditions by-:
- Having proper posture
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Stop smoking
Adjacent Segment Degeneration
Adjacent segment degeneration is a disorder that occurs from a recent spinal fusion operation. It involves the intervertebral joints and spine situated near the area used to induce spinal stenosis, degenerative disk disease, or spondylolisthesis.
A fracture happens when a vertebra gets affected by an acute physical injury and due to extreme compression. This spinal condition leads you to severe spinal nerve problems. Due to which you need to visit the ortho doctor to get a diagnosis. Or you may need to undergo spine surgery to get rid of this type of problem.
The herniated disk happens as the outer surface of the disk ruptures and the gel-like material spills out from the interior of the disk and compresses the spinal cord or nerve roots. Ruptured disks are affected by:
- Degeneration or aging of the spine
- A genetic predisposition
- Unhealthy lifestyle choices include being overweight, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.
Symptoms of a herniated disc include-:
- You may start experiencing neck and lower back pain
- You may find it difficult to move or walk.
- Muscle weakness and spasms
- Numbness of the limbs
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative disk disease is the result of intervertebral disk wear and tear. The disk itself loses its shock absorption properties and reduces in intensity and height. It can induce bone spur development and stenosis with a radiculopathy or radiating pain in the limbs. Typical signs include pain in the neck or back.
This condition is described as an infection in the spinal cord. This type of infection is caused due to fungi, bacteria, infection agents.
Symptoms of osteomyelitis
- Neck and back pain
- Weight loss
- Bone pain
- Swelling, redness, and warmth
- Fever, chills or sweats