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What is back pain? What are the causes, and treatment of back pain?


    What is back pain? What are the causes, and treatment of back pain?

    What is back pain?

    The back is made up of muscles, ligaments, nerves, and the spinal cord. All these parts function together to support your back as well as your body. The spinal structure is sensitive and more prone to get damaged if you will not take care of yourself properly. If you leave untreated, then you might undergo spine surgery.

    The spine is made up of 33 vertebrae which form a spinal canal and protects the spine from inside. The spine is divided into 5 sections that are mentioned below:

    • The cervical spine
    • The thoracic spine
    • The lumbar spine
    • The sacrum
    • The coccyx

    If anyone gets affected then it causes back pain. This occurs due to many reasons that are mentioned below:

    • Stress
    • Sitting for so long
    • Heavy activities and much more.

    Back is a more common problem which is experienced by most people. You should not leave untreated as it can increase day by day and leads to severe problems.

    What are the causes of back pain?

    • Older people suffer back pain.
    • Due to job people of any age experience back pain.
    • Medications
    • Poor posture
    • Tumors in chest
    • Aorta disorder
    • Inflammation of the spine

    What are the conditions that cause back pain?

    • Injuries or fractures
    • Stressed muscle
    • Muscle spasms
    • Strained back
    • Damaged vertebral disks
    • Overstretching
    • Excessive coughing


    Back pain occurs due to structural problems

    • Bulging disks
    • Ruptured disks
    • Sciatica
    • Spine osteoarthritis
    • Abnormal shape of the spine
    • Osteoporosis
    • Arthritis
    • Kidney problems
    • Spondylolisthesis
    • Ankylosing spondylitis

    Medical situations that occur back pain

    • Cancer of the spine
    • Sleeping disorder
    • Infection
    • Cauda equina syndrome
    • Bladder infections
    • Kidney infections
    • Pelvic inflammatory

    What are the risk factors that develop back pain

    • Older age
    • Drinking & smoking
    • Pregnancy
    • Activity
    • Sedentary lifestyle habits
    • Obesity
    • Genetic factors
    • Straining your neck
    • Carry heavy things
    • Sleeping disorder
    • Hormones and much more.

    Treatment of back pain


    Your doctor will also advise you to do specific exercises that will help you in removing back pain. But make sure you are doing the exercises regularly.


    Depending upon your health conditions, the doctor suggests medications that are mentioned below:

    • Muscle relaxants
    • Pain relievers
    • OTC- over the counter
    • Narcotics
    • Antidepressants


    For people who are experiencing mild back pain, then the doctor recommends some therapies which are beneficial for the person. Physical therapy & massage therapy is a great option. This will help you in giving relief from back pain.


    If you are experiencing a nerve compression, disk problem, spinal instability, spinal deformities, and much more, then the doctor will recommend surgery. Below are the surgical procedures.

    • Laminectomy
    • Spinal fusion
    • Spinal deformity correction
    • Microdiscectomy
    • Other decompression methods.

    These are the procedures that surgeons will suggest depending upon your condition.

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