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What is juvenile arthritis? What are its symptoms? How is it diagnosed?


What is juvenile arthritis? What are its symptoms? How is it diagnosed?

According to the doctors practising in the orthopaedic hospital in Ludhiana, “ The diseases can be of any form and shape. There are certain diseases which only affect the adults and there are some other particular ailments that only affect the children.”


For example, spine problems are only noticed among adults and not in children. We have only heard of the adults undergoing spine surgery in Ludhiana. But we have not heard of the children undergoing that.


Can arthritis only affect adults?

We have seen cases in which arthritis was seen to be affecting adults only. But if you have started thinking that it is only the adults that suffer from it, then you are wrong. There are many kids as well who are seen to be bothered by this problem.


Did you know?

Arthritis which affects the kids is known as juvenile arthritis.


How is this condition caused?

This condition is only caused when there is inflammation in the joints. If you have noticed that your child is complaining about any of the following, then do not wait for even a second to take him to the doctor:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Loss of motion


How many kinds of juvenile arthritis are there?

There are the following kinds of juvenile arthritis:


  • Oligoarthritis
  • Polyarthritis
  • Systemic
  • Enthesitis-related
  • Juvenile psoriatic arthritis
  • Undifferentiated


What exactly causes juvenile arthritis?

It is one of the autoimmune disorders in which the body starts attacking the healthy cells and the tissues. The experts are holding the various genetic and environmental factors responsible for there. Despite the vast research, it has been not possible to find out the exact cause of the problem.


Which are the symptoms of juvenile arthritis?

Following are the symptoms of Juvenile arthritis:


  • Joint stiffness
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • tenderness in the joints
  • Limping
  • Persistent fever
  • Skin Rashes
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Eye redness
  • eye pain
  • Blurred vision


How is Juvenile arthritis diagnosed?

The symptoms of this problem can vary from kind to kind. It is also necessary to make you informed that the symptoms are probable to be associated with some other kinds of problems or diseases. Here are some of the ways with the help of which the Juvenile arthritis are diagnosed:


  • Complete blood count
  • Urine Tests
  • X-rays
  • Blood culture
  • Viral Test
  • Lyme Diseases Test    
  • Bone marrow exam
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • rheumatoid factor test
  • Antinuclear antibody test
  • Joint fluid sampling
  • Synovial tissue sampling


Final Comments!

Juvenile arthritis is to be treated at the moment these are detected. These do not only affect the one who is suffering from it but their effect can be seen in each of the members of the family. The parents are suggested to carry out thorough research on juvenile arthritis if they notice that their child is having any of the symptoms concerning it. The parents must know about the preventive and the precautionary factors so that they can avoid encountering the expansion of this problem.

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