Arthritis in the knee is a condition in which the knee affects the cartilage, bones, and synovium inside the joints. The cartilage is a tissue found on the upper surface of the bones and it helps in smoothing of the joints.
Synovium is a soft tissue line around the joints and produces the fluid called synovial fluid and it acts as a lubricant and helps in joints movement, it provides carbohydrates and nutrients to the cartilage.
As these all functions stop working and protecting the bones of the knee, bones damage occurs and result in a disorder called Osteoarthritis of the knee.
This condition can cause minor pain stiffness at the earlier stage and it can get severe with time if not treated.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and it is mostly found in old age people while I can it can also occur in young people. It mainly occurs after the age of 45 and women are the most people find with this disorder.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis of the knee
It can include:
- Feeling of the pain in your knees while walking or during any movement
- Your knee can get swollen in the early morning and at night
- You can notice stiffness in the knee when you been sitting for a long time at the same place
- Decrease in the flexibility of the knee while trying to move
- Feeling of tenderness in the knee at night while sleeping
- Weakness, harsh sound or noise when the knee moves
- Redness of the knee
- Sometimes, there is the formation of the bones spurs
The major objectives of treating Osteoarthritis of the knee are to first to relieve the pain and increase flexibility in the knee. There is a typical plan for arthritis treatment which includes the combination of the following:
Pain relief and anti-inflammatory drugs:
Here, some Over the counter drugs can be given mainly a class of NSAIDs, for example, Tylenol, Motrin, Aleve, these drugs are not taken for more than 10 days without consulting your Doctor. The chance of side effects can increase while taking it for longer and if they don’t provide relief, the concerned Doctor may give you a prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs or some other drugs to help ease your pain.
Doing exercises every time helps in strengthening the muscles around the knee which makes it become stable and decrease the pain and also help to keep the knee joint mobile and flexible.
Knee pain can be also decreased by losing some amount of weight that can protect you from getting Osteoarthritis. In addition, losing weight is considered as the best Knee pain treatment.
Injection of Steroids or hyaluronic acid into the knee:
Steroids are the most powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that help in decreasing inflammation in the knee. Hyaluronic acid is found in the joints in the form of lubricant
A physical therapist can help you to perform physical movements to strengthen your muscles and also increase plasticity in your joints
This is the last option to use when other treatment doesn’t work, you need to go for a surgery of your Knee which is a better option.