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A Comprehensive Guide About Brain And Spinal Cord


A Comprehensive Guide About Brain And Spinal Cord

An injury or any other issue with our spine is a significant concern. It can affect how our body functions and lead to many problems. Well, that’s where Neurologists come in! They are like exceptional doctors who understand the brain and nerves well. Let’s learn about the best  neurosurgeon in ludhiana and their importance in keeping us healthy. 

Brain: the ultimate command center.

Our brain and spinal cord are part of the central nervous system. This system is responsible for controlling every function we perform. It controls both voluntary and involuntary movements of the human body. Some of the most important functions it controls are digestion, respiration, walking, and talking. It also controls our emotions, thoughts and memory. 

Anatomy Of Brain: How Does The Brain Look From Inside

The brain is a soft and complex mass. It weighs a few hundred grams. It resides within a protective structure of the skull. It has many regions, each performs a certain task and controls a certain function. The brain as a whole controls a multitude of functions, from motor to sensory. 

 Anatomy Of Spinal Cord: How is Our Spinal Cord From Inside

The spinal cord is a cable-like bundle of nerves. It connects the brain to other parts of the body. It is spread from the brainstem to the lower back. It is protected by the vertebral column. It serves many functions like transmitting signals between the brain and the rest of the body. It performs both sensory and motor signal transmission. The Neurologist specialises in matters related to spinal cord.

Cognitive Functions Of The Brain

The cognitive functions are controlled by the grey matter. It includes thinking, memory, and decision making. The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain, it is divided into two parts: left and right lobes. Each of these parts have specialised roles. It allows us to process all the signals around us. 

Motor Function Of The Brain

The front part of the brain controls motor functions. It controls voluntary muscle movements. It translates our intentions into actions, allowing us to perform various tasks with accuracy and coordination.

Sensory Perception Of The Brain

Different parts of the brain grasp sensory information. It interprets stimuli from the environment. The visual cortex decipher visual stimuli, auditory cortex processes sound etc. 

Emotional Regulation

Some deeper parts of the brain play a crucial part in emotions and behaviour. It is associated with emotions like fear, memory  formations etc. 


Sensory Pathway

The spinal cord receives sensory information from various body parts. These signals travel to the spinal cord and reach the brain. It contributes to our perception of touch, smell, Pin, temperature and more.

Motor Pathway

Motor neurons in the spinal cord pass command from the brain to the muscles. It enables voluntary muscle movements. Reflex arcs allow for swift response to stimuli. 

Reflexes and Automatic Functions

The spinal cord has the ability to generate swift responses to stimuli like withdrawing of the hand from a hot surface. It depicts its importance in rapid involuntary movements. It controls functions like heartbeat and respiration.


Central nervous system sends sensory signals from the body parts to the brain and motor commands from the brain to the parts from the body.

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