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A comprehensive note on Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury.


    A comprehensive note on Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury.

    In this modern era, people are suffering from different problems related to the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament is in the middle of the knee. It prevents the shin bone from sliding out in front of the thigh bone. The posterior cruciate ligament works with the ACL. It prevents the shin bone from sliding backwards under the femur. The ACL is the most commonly injured knee ligament. Sports injuries usually cause ACL tears.


    What is the definition of Anterior cruciate ligament injury? 

    An ACL tear is an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament in your knee. The ACL is one of your knee ligaments. It connects your thigh bones to the shin bone. You have one ACL in each knee. It forms an X shape inside your knee with your knee with your posterior cruciate ligament. The ACL is closer to the front of your knee. The PCL is closer to the front of your knee. The PCL is closer to the back of your knee. There are three grades of anterior cruciate ligament injury. If you are facing issues in your anterior cruciate ligaments, contact the best Orthopaedic Hospital in India. 


    Types of Anterior cruciate ligament injury

    The ACL injury stands for Anterior cruciate ligament. A tear injury involves an ACL. ACL is one ligament from form. These ligaments connect the shinbone and thighbone. It is common in players. Healthcare providers usually grade ACL injuries and tears. These grades are a quick way to describe the extent of your injury. ACL injury grades range from one to three:

    • Grade one: The injury stretched your ACL enough to damage it, but it’s still in one piece and holding your knee bones together.
    • Grade two: The injury stretched your ACL so much that it was partially torn and loosened.
    • Grade three: A complete tear of your ACL is in two pieces.


    Reasons for the anterior cruciate ligament injury 

    ACL tears happen when your knee moves or twists more than it naturally can. The most common causes of ACL tears include:

    • Sports injuries.
    • Car accidents.
    • Falls.


    Sign of anterior cruciate ligament injury. 

    The most common ACL tear symptoms include:

    • Feeling or hearing a pop in your knee.
    • Swelling.
    • Pain.
    • Weakness or feeling like your knee has given out.
    • Losing your range of motion

    Treatment of the Anterior cruciate ligament injury. 

    Treatments can vary depending on your ACL tear grade and any other damage inside your knee.


    Home treatments

    • Rest: Avoid the activity that caused your injury. Do not overuse your knee while it heals.
    • Ice: Apply a cold compress or ice packs wrapped in a thin towel to your knee for 15 minutes a few times a day.
    • Compression: You can wrap your knee in an elastic bandage to help reduce swelling.
    • Elevation: Prop your knee and leg up above the level of your heart as often as you can.


    ACL tear surgery

    Surgery to repair damage in your knees is usually an outpatient procedure, which means you can go home the same day. Your surgeon will perform a knee arthroscopy, a minimally invasive technique to repair the tear inside your knee. 

    Knee replacement surgery and spine surgery have become common surgeries. The best doctors perform ACL surgery In India at Kalyan Hospital.

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