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Bone fractures and their types

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Bone fractures and their types

The term bone fracture refers to a broken bone, which is a very common injury and can affect people of all ages. If you or someone in your family is older than 50, then it is a good idea to consult the best Ortho doctor in ludhiana to determine bone density. 

Bone fractures are caused by accidents like falling, car accidents, or sports injuries. However, certain medical conditions, as well as repeated applied force such as running, can also increase the risk of certain types of bone fractures. 

While some people require surgery if they break a bone, many people only need a cast, splint, brace or sling for the same. The type of bone that has been broken and its intensity determines the time it will take to recover. 

Bone Fracture Vs. Break

The terms bone fracture and break refer to the same thing and are used interchangeably. Bone fracture is just a medical term used by doctors for the breakage of bone. The doctor first analyses the situation and identifies any broken bone, after which he refers to it as a fracture. 

Bone Fracture Vs. Bone Bruise

Caused by an extreme external force, both bone fractures and bone bruises are painful injuries. Both injuries can happen due to falling, a car accident, or while playing any sports, but the major difference that separates the terms from each other is the severity of the bone damage. 

Just as the skin gets bruised in a lot of ways, bones are the living tissues that can get damaged in the same way as the skin. The force required to bruise a bone is much stronger in bruising the skin, but the injuries are similar. The bone bruise refers to the damage caused to the bone that leads to the bleeding of the bone without breaking. After an injury, the trapped blood below the surface of the bone is known as a bone bruise. 

Bone fracture takes place when the external force not only damages but manages to break the bone. Bone fractures can be very critical injuries that take a lot more time to heal than a bone bruise. Injuries related to the spine are considered to be the most critical one, as it requires consultation with a spine surgeon in ludhiana. 

Bone Fractures vs. sprains 

Bone fractures and sprains are the injuries that are most commonly caused by sports activities. The bone can’t be sprained. A sprain takes place due to the tearing or stretching of a ligament. Experiencing both ligament sprain as well as bone fracture in the same injury is also possible in some cases, such as if you damage your joints like the knee or elbow. 

Different Types Of Bone Fractures

Several kinds of fractures are diagnosed by the best Ortho doctor in Ludhiana based on a few criteria that include: 

  • Pattern: the medical term fracture pattern is used for the shape of the break or the way it looks like. 
  • Cause: some of the fractures are determined by how they happened
  • Body part: the part of your body that experienced bone damage

Fractures determined by pattern or shape

Some of the fractures are identified by their pattern or shape, which can be the direction of the broken bone, whether it is straight or across, or the shape of the bone like a single line break.

Fractures with a single line breaks are: 

  • Oblique fractures 
  • Transverse fracture
  • Longitudinal fractures that happen along the length

Fracture patterns that do not break in a single line are:  

  • Spiral fracture
  • Greenstick fracture
  • Comminuted fracture
  • Segmental fracture

Fractures diagnosed by cause

The cause diagnoses these types of fractures or how the fracture took place. This includes:

  • Stress fracture
  • Avulsion fracture
  • Buckle fracture

Fractures diagnosed by location

Some of the fractures are identified by their location, considering where they happened. Some of the fractures that happen on the upper body part include: 

  • Clavicle fracture
  • Shoulder fracture
  • Humerus fracture
  • Elbow fracture
  • Rib fracture
  • Compression fracture
  • Facial fracture

Some of the fractures that can affect the hands and wrist include:

  • Barton fracture
  • Chauffeur fracture
  • Colles fracture
  • Smith fracture
  • Scaphoid fracture

Fractures that affect your lower body include:

  • Pelvic fracture
  • Femur fracture
  • Patella fracture
  • Acetabular fracture
  • Growth fracture
  • Tibia fracture

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