Knee pain is caused by overuse injury, sudden injury, or some other condition. The effective treatment choice will depend on its cause. Some of its symptoms are swelling, stiffness, and pain. This guide will help you understand the possible causes of severe knee pain so that you can consult the doctor at the right time.
Staying active is the most important thing you can do for your body and most importantly the joints. But if an injury happens it can affect the knees greatly. If you had a knee injury but you did not get the treatment from the ortho doctor then it might flare-up in the future and hurt you in excess as redness & swelling increases.
Possible Causes of Severe Knee Pain
Pseudogout: Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition
It happens when in the joint there is a buildup of microscopic crystals which leads to swelling, warmth, severe joint pain, and redness. It is not that as compared to other causes but it can affect the knee joint. The microscopic crystals which result in this condition are known as pseudogout.
- Intense joint pain
- Red or purple skin around the joint
- Swollen and warm joint
- Tender Joint
Gout symptoms trigger when there is the build-up of uric acid crystals in the joint. Gout can result in extreme pain, warmth, swelling, and redness. The symptoms can occur without any warning mostly at night. In 50% of cases, it affects the big toe joint but mostly it affects the knee or other joints.
In case the symptoms you are facing due to any cause are affecting your daily working routine then the doctor can suggest the option of knee replacement.
Knee Arthritis (Non-Infectious)
Knee arthritis can result in:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
It is an autoimmune disorder that affects the wrists and hand joints. The knee is extremely painful, stiff, and swollen. The knee skin can be red and it feels spongy.
- Knee osteoarthritis
This is the most common form of arthritis which gets worse with age. Over time, the knee pain will be more gradual. However, this type does not result in swelling and redness that often.
Osteonecrosis of the Knee (Avascular Necrosis)
This happens when the blood supply is not proper due to which bone tissues die. When the person bends or straightens the knee the pain gets severe. While walking this can make the person limp. In most cases, the problem occurs after the injury and it is more common in older women.
Although it is very rare and it develops slowly but with time the pain is constant along with joint swelling.
Now, you know different causes so you should consult a doctor at the right time so that the problem does not increase in the future.